Prevalence of Hypertension in School and College Students


Rumah Ginjal - Abstract
In Indonesia, the onset of hypertension has been observed in younger po- pulations. Previous studies showed that hypertension occurred in adoles- cence, even in childhood. This cross sectional study aimed to provide a po- pulation-based estimation of hypertension prevalence and risk factors among school and college students in Surabaya, Indonesia. Using mercu- ry sphygmomanometer blood pressure was measured in 335 participants grouped into 5 _ 9, 10 _ 14, 15 _ 19, and 20 _ 26 years of age. The preva- lence data was linked to sex, age, body mass index (BMI), and a family his- tory of diabetes and/ or cardiovascular disease. Hypertension in children was determined according to the Update on the Task Force Report (2004) and to the JNC-7 for other participants. Thirty one (9.3%) participants had developed hypertension. Hypertension prevalence tended to increase with age from 0% at 5 _ 9 years and 8.1% at 10 _ 14 years to 15.2% at 20 _ 26 years. Hypertension developed in 18 males and 13 females. Aged more than 20 years and family history of heart disease were significant risk fac- tors for hypertension. Other factors, such as BMI and a family history of di- abetes, were not significant. Malnutrition among children in golden age (0 _ 5 years) plays major role in increasing future risk of hypertension. Routine hypertension screening should be done in young adults aged 20 years in this country.

Keywords: College students, hypertension, students

Source: http://jurnalkesmas.ui.ac.id/kesmas/article/view/364/363
Keywords:

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