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More about Salt and Hypertension

The discussion about hypertension or high blood pressure cannot be separated from salt (sodium). In a broader context, it does not mean that salt is not useful. However, when the intake exceeds what the body tolerates, excess salt intake will have counterproductive effects, such as high blood pressure, the heart is working too hard, the blood vessels become inelastic, even stiffer, stroke, chronic kidney failure and many others. In short, salt is a double-edged sword. On the one hand it is beneficial, on the other hand it is harmful. Studies reported that there is a close relationship between hypertension and dietary salt intake. A meta-analysis showed that a continuous modest reduction in salt intake induces a relevant reduction in blood pressure in hypertensive individuals as well as in those who are normotensive (having normal blood pressure 120/80 mmHg).

Mengintip Makanan yang Dapat Meningkatkan Tekanan Darah

Berbicara hipertensi, sungguh ini bukan sekadar naiknya tekanan darah saja tetapi lebih daripada itu. Hal ini juga melibatkan berbagai faktor, baik dari internal tubuh maupun dari faktor externalnya. Untuk faktor external dari tubuh, pada kesempatan ini sangat ditekankan pada faktor diet. Diet yang tidak sehat hanya akan menjadikan terganggunya tubuh termasuk munculnya hipertensi. Maka dari itu peranan diet ini sungguh sangat strategis untuk diketahui dan dikuasai dalam  rangka mengelola hipertensi.Sebisa mungkin untuk mendapatkan diet sehat saja oleh karena ini merupakan salah satu cara paling efektif agar berhasil menurunkan prevalensi hipertensi. 

Bahaya Asam Urat Merusak Ginjal

Salah satu permasalahan kesehatan yang sering kali dihadapi pada usia 30 tahun ke atas adalah kadar asam urat yang tinggi. Permasalahan ini sering kali baru diketahui ketika kontrol kesehatan di klinik atau fasilitas kesehatan terdekat. Kadar asam urat yang tinggi juga kerap menimbulkan gejala seperti nyeri bengkak pada persendian atau perasaan kaku. Selain keluhan tersebut, ternyata asam urat ini dapat pula menyebabkan kerusakan ginjal. Bagaikan siklus yang tidak bisa diputus, kerusakan ginjal juga menyebabkan pembuangan asam urat ditubuh terganggu dan berakibat terjadi timbunan. Oleh karena itu,  menjadi hal yang penting untuk mengetahui keterkaitan antara kadar asam urat darah dan kesehatan ginjal kita. Asam urat sejatinya merupakan zat sisa buangan yang dikeluarkan oleh tubuh.

A Glance at Insulin in Diabetic Kidney Disease

Patients with chronic Diabetes Mellitus (DM) who have uncontrolled blood sugar and those with blood sugar difficult to control with diabetes pills are certainly familiar with the term insulin injection. Insulin is a normal hormone in human body, which is produced and released by pancreatic cells in sufficient quantities to help the cells in our bodies absorb sugar in the blood. With insulin, our body is able convert sugar into energy with minimal metabolic waste. In a person with DM, due to several reasons, the amount of insulin the body produces is inadequate to carry out its functions, both in quantity and/or quality. Some of the possible causes are damage to pancreatic beta cells (insulin-producing cells) as in type I diabetes and the inability of the body cells to recognize the hormone insulin as in type II diabetes.

Less Sleep, Less Healthy Kidney

Sleep is often underestimated by most people. Some people prefer to reduce hours of sleep, rather than having to skip a good movie, play social media, and other unfinished work. Although it is often taken for granted, it is undeniable that sleep has a very vital function for all organ systems in the body, including the kidneys. Research shows that sleep disorders influence the development of kidney disease. The suspected cause is an inflammatory process and sympathetic nerve activation that damages the glomerular basement membrane and the renal tubular apparatus. Several sleep disorders, such as obstructive sleep apnea, circadian rhythm disorders, hypersomnia, and insomnia have been associated with metabolic disorders which ultimately lead to kidney involvement, either because of decreased kidney function in dealing with increased metabolic waste or because the shorter duration of rest causes susceptibility to decreased quality of life of renal cells themselves.