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Preventing Mass Torture of the Kidney

The KIDNEY is an important organ of the body that performs many vital functions. Failure to treat several diseases, such as hypertension, diabetes, heart problems, obesity, kidney stones, or indiscriminate drug consumption will end up in kidney failure or chronic kidney disease (CKD). This is something scary. Even in developed countries such as the United States, 16 percent of the adult population suffers from the disease, with 52 percent of deaths from cardiovascular disease (Foley RN, 2003). By projecting the prevalence rates in the US, it is estimated that more than 24 million Indonesians currently suffer from CKD, which is divided into three categories: mild, moderate, and severe.

Post-Pandemic Trend of Plant-Based Diet

After three years, the Covid-19 pandemic is no longer a threat. In addition to the grief it created, the pandemic ended up teaching us lessons. Growing awareness of a healthy lifestyle, which includes using a balanced food, is one of the lessons. According to the survey results of Kerry Indonesia, a food ingredient company with headquarters in Ireland, there are three categories of reasons why someone chooses to consume healthy food: for physical health, for the health of the planet and the environment, and for dietary reasons. The consumption of plant-based diet is one example of a healthy diet that is currently in style. Healthy food is becoming increasingly important in modern society. There are various healthy eating movements that regulate the types of foods that must be consumed and those that must be avoided, as well as how to control the frequency and timing of eating.

More about Salt and Hypertension

The discussion about hypertension or high blood pressure cannot be separated from salt (sodium). In a broader context, it does not mean that salt is not useful. However, when the intake exceeds what the body tolerates, excess salt intake will have counterproductive effects, such as high blood pressure, the heart is working too hard, the blood vessels become inelastic, even stiffer, stroke, chronic kidney failure and many others. In short, salt is a double-edged sword. On the one hand it is beneficial, on the other hand it is harmful. Studies reported that there is a close relationship between hypertension and dietary salt intake. A meta-analysis showed that a continuous modest reduction in salt intake induces a relevant reduction in blood pressure in hypertensive individuals as well as in those who are normotensive (having normal blood pressure 120/80 mmHg).

Uric Acid, a Threat to Kidney

One of health problems often faced at the age of 30 years and over is high uric acid levels. This problem is often discovered only when conducting a health examination at a clinic or health facility. High uric acid level also often causes symptoms such as pain, swelling in the joints or a feeling of stiffness. In addition to these complaints, uric acid can also lead to kidney damage. Like an unbroken cycle, kidney damage also causes problems in uric acid discharge from the body and causes build-up. Therefore, it is important to know the relationship between blood uric acid levels and kidneys' health. Uric acid is actually a waste product excreted by the body. In good body condition, this substance will normally be excreted by the kidneys and its levels in blood will be maintained in normal conditions of 3.5-7.0 mg/dL in males and 2.5-6.0 mg/dL

A Glimpse on Kidney Stones

Almost all of us are familiar with the term kidney stones. The term is very popular and it indicates that the incidence of kidney stones in the community is so high. Several studies report that every year up to half a million people come to the emergency room because of kidney stones. In the United States, it is estimated that one in ten people will have a kidney stone at some point in their life and kidney stones are more common in males. In India, about 12% of people with kidney stones in total population are susceptible to urinary tract stones. Of this 12%, 50% of the population are severely affected by kidney injury, which can even lead to kidney loss. On average, the chances of any of us having at least one kidney stone in our lifetime is about 10%. In developing countries, including Indonesia, the occurrence of stones is increasingly frequent. It is apparent that the incidence of kidney stones is very common.