#Cayratia trifolia


Effect of Ethanolic Extract of Cayratia trifolia on Histologically Kidney Mouse Model

Abstract - This study was conducted to determine the effect of Cayratia trifolia ethanolic extract on histological mouse kidney models. A total of 12 adult male Balb/c mice were randomly divided into two groups, comprising six mice in each group. The first group of 6 mice provided as the control group and received 25 ml/kg BW orally sodium carboxymethylcellulose during 6 days.The second group, 6 mice was administered 50 mg/kg BW of C. trifolia ethanolic extract in sodium carboxymethylcellulose orally during 6 days. The present study, we have performed histological kidney mice evaluation after 6 days of C. trifolia ethanolic extract administration. The histological mice kidney was quantified in term of tubular epithelium, glomerular and focal mononuclear infiltrate. The effect of administration of C. trifolia ethanolic extract on histological kidney of mice appeared normal tubular morphology in cortical and medullary regions of kidney in administered C. trifolia ethanolic extract mice, there was no kidney change histologically showed normal architecture of the glomerulus and tubules, while in control mice group, kidney histologically first marked with mononuclear cell infiltration, tubular necrosis, glomerular congestion and hyaline casts.

Effect of Cayratia trifolia Ethanol Extract on Bcl-2 expression and Apoptotic Cells in Dmba-induced Breast Cancer of Sprague Dawley Rats

Abstract The study aimed to clarify the effect of the administration of ethanol extract of Cayratia trifolia plants to breast cancer. This study was an experimental study using female animal model of Sprague Dawley rats, consisting of three groups, K0, the normal experimental animals, K1, the experimental animals with breast cancer receiving CMC 0.5%, and KP, experimental animals with breast cancer receiving ethanol extract of Cayratia trifolia in a dose of 300 mg/kgBW at 0.5% CMC. The material to induce breast carcinoma formation was DMBA of 20 mg/kg in corn oil. The extraction of Cayratia trifolia plants used ethanol. The variables were the number of cells expressing Bcl-2 observed with immunohistochemical methods, and the number of cells undergoing apoptosis, which was observed using tunnel assay method. Statistical analysis was performed using ANOVA test. The number of cells expressing Bcl-2 and those undergoing apoptosis in breast cancer tissue between groups of animals receiving and not receiving ethanol extract of Cayratia trifolia showed significant difference (P<0.05). Oral administration of Cayratia trifolia ethanol extract has an effect on the decrease in the number of cells expressing Bcl2 and an increase in the number of cancer cells undergoing apoptosis. 

Anti-inflammatory effect of ethyl acetate fraction of galing plant extract (Cayratia trifolia) on male wistar rats induced by carrageenan

Abstract Inflammation (inflammation) is a local reaction from living tissue or cells to an excitatory or injury. This study aims to determine the anti-inflammatory activity of ethyl acetate fraction of galling plant extract (Cayratia trifolia) on one of the inflammatory parameters, namely swelling in the legs of rat with 1% carrageenan induction. In addition, this study also aims to determine the effective dose of ethyl acetate fraction of galing plant extract (Cayratia trifolia) as anti-inflammatory. This study used 25 male wistar rats divided into 5 groups. Group 1 (negative control) Na CMC 0.5%, group 2 (positive control) diclofenac sodium 0.0065 mg/gBW rats, and group 3, 4 and 5 suspension ethyl acetate fractions of galing plant extract 0.0065; 0.013 and 0.026 mg/gBB rats.