#kompas.id


Depopulation and the Threat of Demographic Disaster

Without access to quality education, especially vocational education, the demographic bonus is at risk of being missed. The problem depopulation not only affects Japan, South Korea and Singapore, but also China. Have these symptoms also spread to Indonesia? Japan is a prosperous and advanced country with a culture of hard work, discipline, and admirable ethics. Its industries are advanced, and the per capita income of its citizens is high. The education and healthcare services offered by the country are also good. As a result, the life expectancy of its citizens is higher compared to most other countries. In Japan, it is very common to find elderly citizens who are still healthy. In terms of demographics, the number of elderly citizens is quite large. Therefore, the national age of Japanese citizens is increasing.

Depopulasi dan Ancaman Bencana Demografi

Tanpa akses pendidikan berkualitas, terutama pendidikan vokasi, bonus demografi terancam akan terlewati begitu saja. Problem depopulasi bukan hanya menimpa Jepang, Korea Selatan, dan Singapura, melainkan juga China. Apakah gejala ini pun sudah menular ke Indonesia? Jepang negara maju dan makmur, dengan kultur kerja keras, menjunjung disiplin dan etika yang mengagumkan. Industrinya maju, pendapatan per kapita warganya tinggi, layanan pendidikan dan kesehatannya bagus. Maka, angka harapan hidup warganya lebih tinggi dibanding kebanyakan negara lain. Di Jepang sangat biasa ditemui warga berusia lanjut yang masih sehat. Dalam komposisi demografi, jumlah warga usia lanjut lumayan besar. Maka, usia warga Jepang secara nasional semakin menua.

Diving into the Presidential Candidate's Science and Technology Vision

Since the Soeharto era until today we have not been able to produce fully domestically produced cars and motorbikes. The issue of social welfare, education, culture, information technology, health, labor, human resources, and inclusion became the topic of debate for the presidential candidates on February 4th. What is the position of iptek (science and technology) in this debate? We can see that the science and technology material was only one small point inserted in the last debate session, and it was only limited to information technology (IT). This illustrates that science and technology is not considered an important issue worthy of being debated by presidential candidates in the presidential election contestation.

Menyelami Visi Iptek Capres

Sejak era Soeharto sampai hari ini kita belum sanggup menghasilkan mobil dan motor yang utuh produksi dalam negeri. Isu kesejahteraan sosial, pendidikan, kebudayaan, teknologi informasi, kesehatan, tenaga kerja, sumber daya manusia (SDM), dan inklusi menjadi topik debat terakhir calon presiden, 4 Februari lalu. Di mana posisi iptek (ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi) dalam debat tersebut? Bisa kita lihat, materi iptek hanya merupakan satu poin kecil yang disisipkan pada sesi debat terakhir, itu pun hanya terbatas pada teknologi informasi (TI). Hal ini menggambarkan bahwa iptek tidak dianggap sebagai isu penting yang layak didebatkan oleh capres dalam kontestasi pilpres. Persoalan iptek yang hanya dianggap cukup diwakili sektor TI saja jelas tidak tepat. TI memang mempercepat proses kemajuan iptek dalam beberapa dekade terakhir, tetapi ini hanyalah sektor hilir.

Indonesian Human Genomic Mapping

If mastery of genome technology becomes more sophisticated, genome mapping data becomes more complete, disease patterns can be mapped.   The modernization of the national health system continues to move forward. Not long ago the Ministry of Health launched a program to collect data on the genomic population of Indonesia. The program, named Biomedical and Genome Science Initiative (BGSI), aims to collect data on 10,000 genomes and pathogens related to the Indonesian population by 2024 and will continue to increase in the following years. This project involves private partners and a genetic platform providing start-up companies, with the aim of providing precision medical services. If the mastery of genome technology in Indonesia becomes more advanced, genomic mapping data becomes more complete, and disease patterns can be mapped, both nationally and individually.