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More about Salt and Hypertension

The discussion about hypertension or high blood pressure cannot be separated from salt (sodium). In a broader context, it does not mean that salt is not useful. However, when the intake exceeds what the body tolerates, excess salt intake will have counterproductive effects, such as high blood pressure, the heart is working too hard, the blood vessels become inelastic, even stiffer, stroke, chronic kidney failure and many others. In short, salt is a double-edged sword. On the one hand it is beneficial, on the other hand it is harmful. Studies reported that there is a close relationship between hypertension and dietary salt intake. A meta-analysis showed that a continuous modest reduction in salt intake induces a relevant reduction in blood pressure in hypertensive individuals as well as in those who are normotensive (having normal blood pressure 120/80 mmHg).

Uric Acid, a Threat to Kidney

One of health problems often faced at the age of 30 years and over is high uric acid levels. This problem is often discovered only when conducting a health examination at a clinic or health facility. High uric acid level also often causes symptoms such as pain, swelling in the joints or a feeling of stiffness. In addition to these complaints, uric acid can also lead to kidney damage. Like an unbroken cycle, kidney damage also causes problems in uric acid discharge from the body and causes build-up. Therefore, it is important to know the relationship between blood uric acid levels and kidneys' health. Uric acid is actually a waste product excreted by the body. In good body condition, this substance will normally be excreted by the kidneys and its levels in blood will be maintained in normal conditions of 3.5-7.0 mg/dL in males and 2.5-6.0 mg/dL

A Glimpse on Kidney Stones

Almost all of us are familiar with the term kidney stones. The term is very popular and it indicates that the incidence of kidney stones in the community is so high. Several studies report that every year up to half a million people come to the emergency room because of kidney stones. In the United States, it is estimated that one in ten people will have a kidney stone at some point in their life and kidney stones are more common in males. In India, about 12% of people with kidney stones in total population are susceptible to urinary tract stones. Of this 12%, 50% of the population are severely affected by kidney injury, which can even lead to kidney loss. On average, the chances of any of us having at least one kidney stone in our lifetime is about 10%. In developing countries, including Indonesia, the occurrence of stones is increasingly frequent. It is apparent that the incidence of kidney stones is very common.

VoC Delta Invasion to Kudus and Bangkalan

 The Covid-19 variant from India invaded by riding on our recklessness. As a result, Indonesia's Covid-19 positive patients suddenly jumped dramatically, starting from Kudus. According to reports, the reason for the incident was that locals observed the bakdo kupat or Lebaran ketupat ritual seven days after Eid al-Fitr without much fervor. They congregated, swarmed, and visited one another. The Covid-19 delta variation propagated among the locals from there. So, the case of transmission exploded in the city center of kretek cigarettes. The number of patients in hospitals increased, and the death toll rose.The results of the whole genome sequencing (WGS) analysis, which were released by Siti Nadia Tarmizi, director of prevention and control of direct infectious diseases at the Ministry of Health, confirmed this rise. She said that 28 of the 34 Kudus specimens that were analyzed tested positive for the delta variation.

What is Contrast-Induced Nephropathy?

Have you ever heard of the term contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN)? This term may be unfamiliar for commoners, but this should not be the case for clinicians or health workers. We, especially clinicians and health workers, should be able to prevent contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN), and so we need to know what CIN is or need to recall how CIN occurs. Contrast-Induced Nephropathy is acute injury to kidney tissue caused by the entry of contrast agents into the body through the blood vessels. In normal kidney function, this damage is rare. However, in conditions of impaired kidney function (due to previous kidney disease), this contrast agent can exacerbate existing kidney damage. Contrast agents administered by intravascular injection, apart from having a toxic and apoptotic effect, may cause acute hemodynamic changes in the kidney which is characterized by an increase in renal vascular resistance and a decrease in the glomerular filtration rate.